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Reason Why Do Most People Fall ill During the Monsoon Season? Precaution & Prevention for It
Long-awaited relief from the stifling summer heat is here with the arrival of the monsoon season. Even though rain is welcome on a hot, stuffy day, it also often carries a number of infections and diseases that are quite dangerous for your family’s health. Numerous contagious diseases are propagated by the moist climate, persistent rain, and windy conditions.
Our immune systems are weakened during the monsoon season, which causes a rise in water-borne illnesses. In comparison to other seasons, the chance of contracting a variety of viruses, germs, and other ailments doubles during the monsoon, according to all doctors, including general surgeons. The spread of a number of diseases is facilitated by increased air moisture, humidity, and dampness, which promote the growth of microbes like mould, fungi, and bacteria, as well as harmful germs.
Many monsoon illnesses are not discovered until they are seriously affecting a person’s health. You may stay safe during India’s dangerous disease season by practising early detection and some simple preventive and hygiene measures. Here are some of the most prevalent monsoon illnesses, along with suggestions for management and disease prevention:
Anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting malaria (which are definitive hosts of Plasmodium parasites, causative agents of malaria). Anopheles minimus, the parasite that causes malaria, thrives abundantly during the monsoon. This is the major cause for the paediatrics department to be filled with children who are most susceptible to this disease. Due to mosquito breeding in waterways and streams, this sickness is primarily brought on by waterlogging and results in a severe fever (up to 105 degrees Celsius) that can last for several days. A high temperature, pain throughout the body, body chills, and heavy perspiration are all signs of malaria.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which breeds in still water, transmits dengue illness (such as in buckets, drums, flower pots, wells, and tree holes). After being bitten, dengue fever takes four to seven days to manifest illness like fever. High fever, rashes, headaches, a low platelet count, and hypersensitivity are the hallmarks of dengue fever.
Aedes albopictus mosquitoes that nest in still water convey the virus that causes chikungunya, which is not lethal. These mosquitoes can attack you during the day as well as at night since they breed in stagnant water. They can be found in water pipelines, plants, utensils, and overhead tanks. Headache, muscle soreness, sharp joint pain, high fever, exhaustion, and chills are just a few of the symptoms of chikungunya.
Salmonella typhi bacteria, which cause typhoid and other water-borne illnesses, are transmitted by improper sanitation. Typhoid spreads by consuming spoiled or exposed food and consuming tainted water, and infection control can be implemented by following this. Typhoid, which is relevant during monsoons, is extremely contagious. High temperature, weakness, stomach pain, constipation, headaches, fever, joint pain, sore throat, and vomiting are all signs of typhoid.
Diarrhoea and loose stools are symptoms of cholera, which is brought on by poor sanitation and hygiene, as well as the consumption of spoilt food and contaminated water. If cholera is not treated in a timely manner, it might be fatal. Cholera symptoms include low blood pressure, muscle cramps, a quick heartbeat, and a dry mucous membrane.
Liver failure is the outcome of a water-borne disease like jaundice, which is spread by contaminated food and water, as well as poor hygiene. The skin, mucous membranes, and eye whites turn yellow when the body does not adequately metabolise bilirubin. The most common cause of jaundice is an underlying illness that overworks the liver or prevents it from excreting bilirubin. Weakness, exhaustion, yellow urine, yellowing of the eyes, and vomiting are all symptoms of jaundice.
Flu and cold
The sudden temperature variations of the monsoon cause the two most common viral diseases, the cold and flu. The nose, mouth, throat, and lungs are all parts of the upper respiratory system, which includes colds and influenza (flu). Immune system vulnerabilities make people more prone to infections that result in fever, chills, runny nose, sore throat, and watery eyes.
The stomach and intestines are affected by stomach flu, which is also referred to medically as viral gastroenteritis. Stomach illnesses resulting from the use of unhygienic food and beverage products are frequent during the monsoon season. Viral gastroenteritis symptoms and signs include vomiting, nausea, fever, headache, abdominal pain, and a lack of appetite. Contrarily, maintaining good health during the monsoon can be accomplished by taking the appropriate precautions at the appropriate time. Following this advice will help you from contracting numerous monsoon illnesses:
Make sure there is never any standing water around your home, and always make sure there is enough ventilation. – By utilising mosquito nets within your home and applying insect repellents or creams before leaving, you can maintain a mosquito-free atmosphere.
Before eating, always boil the water and give your fruits and veggies a good wash. – Always cover your food, and steer clear of eating outside food.
Give your kids their shots, and make sure they thoroughly wash their hands and feet after being outside. – Ensure a balanced diet and a strong immune system.
Eat only freshly cleaned and boiled veggies, keep your sodium and fat intake to a minimum, and steer clear of dairy products as they could be contaminated. Even though the monsoon reduces the heat, it is important to be aware of and guard against regular monsoon diseases. Avoid self-diagnosis or over-the-counter remedies if you or a member of your family displays any of the aforementioned symptoms of monsoon diseases. Instead, get immediate medical attention.